RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea (ISSN 2035-794X) http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime <p><em>RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea</em>&nbsp;(ISSN 2035-794X)<strong>&nbsp;</strong>is a refereed, open access journal , founded by the <a href="http://www.isem.cnr.it/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute of History of Mediterranean Europe (ISEM)</a> of the italian National Research Council (CNR), that publishes theoretical perspectives, review articles, methodological developments, empirical research in the field of the History of Europe and the Mediterranean, from the Middle Ages to the Contemporaneity.</p> <p><em>RiMe</em> targets scholars from different countries, bodies and research groups in formal, non-formal and informal contexts, in order to promote and support their collaboration around common scientific interests on themes and motives related to the historical identity of Mediterranean Europe and their varied external relations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea (ISSN 2035-794X)</em> (<a href="http://rime.cnr.it" target="_blank" rel="noopener">http://rime.cnr.it</a>)<br>Management and Editorial Offices │Direzione e Segreteria: via G.B. Tuveri, 128 - 09129 Cagliari - Italia<br>Telephone │Telefono: +39 070403635 / 70 ‐ Fax: +39 070498118 E-mail: <a href="mailto:rime@isem.cnr.it" target="_blank" rel="noopener">rime@isem.cnr.it</a> (Submissions │Invio contributi)</p> CNR- Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea en-US RiMe. Rivista dell'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea (ISSN 2035-794X) 2035-794X <p><img src="http://rime.cnr.it/files/images/CC_ANC_4-0.png" alt="CC"></p> <p>This work is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p>Authors who publish with this Journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the Journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under&nbsp;a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This Journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the Journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this Journal.</p> Il castrum di Cuccuru Casteddu di Villamar: note preliminari http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/443 <p style="text-align: justify;">The article offers a first historical and archaeological approach of the ruin “Cuccuru Casteddu”. At the beginning it was probably a castle of the Byzantine Age, a fortress in the boundary between Marmilla and Trexenta. This was an area with intensive viability, already in Roman and Punic age, for the control of rich farming products. The ceramics refers to a continuity of the site from the third up to the eighth century and up to the thirteenth and the beginning of the fourteenth century. The sources relating to the “Giudicato” of “Arborea”, the relationship of the castle with the frontier of the Kingdom of Arborèa and the hypotheses on the causes of the disrepair of the castle, open the way to new theories and research perspectives.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Il contributo propone una prima lettura in chiave storica e archeologica del rudere di <em>Cuccuru Casteddu</em>. La sua origine potrebbe essere posta in relazione a un castello di età Bizantina, presidio situato al confine tra Marmilla e Trexenta, territori attraversati da vie di penetrazione già in età romana e punica, funzionali al controllo delle ricche produzioni agricole.La ceramica rimanda a una continuità abitativa del sito dal III fino all’VIII secolo e fino al XIII e agli inizi del XIV secolo. Le fonti relative alla fase giudicale arborense, il rapporto del castello con la frontiera del Regno di Arborèa e le ipotesi sulle cause dell’abbandono del castello, aprono la strada a nuove teorie e prospettive di ricerca.</p> Francesca Lai Mauro Perra Gabriella Uccheddu Giovanni Serreli ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 5 33 10.7410/1396 Il Mediterraneo al di là del paradigma. Una ricognizione araba del vocabolario della rappresentazione europea dell’area mediterranea http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/444 <p style="text-align: justify;">This article aims to re-think the Mediterranean space, beyond the ideological divisions and buildings imposed by a European <em>Weltanschauung</em>.To realize this change of perspective, I will analyze the main works of Mohammed Arkoun (d. 2010), one of the most influential contemporary Arab scholars. The research will aim to define the existence of a Mediterranean profile in Arkoun's most significant reflections, considering major themes which run through this topic (historically and philosophically analyzed). Consequently, it will be possible to reconstruct Mediterranean area inside the history of an ancient convergence between Islam and Europe and the possibility to create a new meeting point, starting from the common geo-historical and geo-cultural horizon.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Questo articolo si propone di ri-pensare lo spazio mediterraneo, al di là, delle divisioni e delle costruzioni ideologiche imposte da una <em>Weltanschauung</em> europea. Per compiere questo cambio di prospettiva, intendo analizzare le principali opere di Mohammed Arkoun (m. 2010), uno dei più importanti studiosi arabi contemporanei. La ricerca intende rintracciare l’esistenza di un profilo mediterraneo nell’insieme delle riflessioni di Arkoun, esplorandone i maggiori aspetti in cui questo tema si declina storicamente e filosoficamente. Tale operazione consentirà di comprendere la centralità dell’area mediterranea nella storia di una convergenza tra Islam e Occidente e, le possibilità di una sua rinascita, a cominciare dall’orizzonte geo-storico, geo-culturale comune.</p> Michele Scarpati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 179 195 10.7410/1401 Carmel Ferragud (2019) Una ciutat medieval en cerca de la salut (Xàtiva, 1250-1500). Catarroja – Barcelona : Editorial Afers. http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/447 Mariangela Rapetti ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 199 201 Gemma Teresa Colesanti - Blanca Garì - Núria Jornet-Benito (eds.) (2017) Clarisas y dominicas. Modelos de implantación, filiación, promoción y devoción en la Península Ibérica, Cerdeňa, Nápoles y Sicilia. Firenze: Firenze University Press http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/446 Maria Cristina Rossi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 203 216 Mario Lafuente - Concepción Villanueva (Coords.) (2019) Los agentes del estado. Poderes públicos y dominación social en Aragón (siglos XIV-XVI). Madrid: Sílex ediciones. http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/448 Esther Martí Sentañes ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 217 220 The new challenges of the European Union. The case of macroregional strategies http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/322 <p style="text-align: justify;">The rejection of the European Constitution and the retreat of the integration process in the Treaty of Lisbon highlights the crisis of European soft power. Rethinking and reforming the European Union is the most important challenge for Europe in 21st century. As regards to the objectives of Europe 2020, the European Commission set up, between 2009 and 2015, four macro-regions inspired by a new innovative approach to multi-level governance. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the Macroregional strategies of the European Union, the reform processes of the EU structure and the connection with Member States.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">La mancata approvazione della Costituzione europea e l’arretramento del processo di integrazione riscontrabile nel Trattato di Lisbona evidenzia la crisi del <em>soft power</em> europeo. Ripensare e riformare l’Unione Europea è la sfida più importante per l’Europa del XXI secolo. In relazione agli obiettivi di <em>Europe 2020,</em> la Commissione Europea ha istituito, tra il 2009 e il 2015, quattro macro-regioni ispirate ad un innovativo approccio alla <em>governance</em> multilivello. Lo scopo del presente lavoro è analizzare le strategie macro-regionali dell’Unione Europea, i processi di riforma dell’assetto comunitario e la relazione con gli Stati membri</p> Alessandro Laruffa ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 139 177 10.7410/1400 El itinerario del Gran Capitán en Nápoles a través de la correspondencia diplomática http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/403 <p style="text-align: justify;">This paper is presented as a chronological itinerary of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, from his youth in Spain the service of the Crown to the Naples wars that conferred on him the title of Great Captain and his subsequent political apogee as the first viceroy of Naples and the consequent rupture of the relationship with Ferdinand the Catholic, which determined the decline of this key figure in the political panorama at the beginning of the 16th century. In order to trace this path, some sources have been analysed -published and unpublished, the latter coming from the Salazar and Castro collection- that make up the collection of the very rich diplomatic correspondence between the Catholic Monarchs and their entourage.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Este artículo se presenta como un itinerario cronológico de Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, desde su juventud en España al servicio de la Corona hasta las guerras de Nápoles que le confirieron el título de Gran Capitán y su sucesivo apogeo político como primer virrey de Nápoles y la consiguiente ruptura de la relación con Fernando el Católico, que determinó el ocaso de esta figura clave del panorama político de principio del siglo XVI. Para trazar este camino se han analizado algunas cartas – editadas e inéditas, estas últimas procedentes del fondo de Salazar y Castro– qu e componen la colección de la riquísima correspondencia diplomática entre los Reyes Católicos y su <em>entourage</em>.</p> Angela Testa ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 67 111 10.7410/1398 Gli studi sull’immigrazione e il caso italiano http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/449 <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">Since the Second World War, the issue of mobility has been gaining importance in Western democracies. For decades,migration has been at the centre of the scientific interest of disciplines such as Sociology, Anthropology, Geography and Demographic Sciences, which have made an essential contribution to the study of sucha a complex and dynamic phenomenon. Since the 1970s, immigration has become a topic of growing interest even in the countries of southern Europe, which were becoming the final destinations of migration. The historical approach to the phenomenon in Italy is lagging behind other disciplines and only recently we have the first studies dedicated to the subject. In retracing the most significant stages of immigration to Italy, the essay aims to highlight the most relevant aspects for the historical reflection on mobility and, at the same time, to highlight issues that represent further opportunities for study.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Dal secondo dopoguerra il tema della mobilità ha iniziato ad acquisire rilevanza nelle democrazie occidentali. Le migrazioni sono state per decenni al centro dell’interesse scientifico di discipline quali la sociologia, l’antropologia, la geografia e le scienze demografiche, che hanno apportato un contributo imprescindibile allo studio di un fenomeno complesso e dinamico. Dagli anni Settanta, l’immigrazione è divenuta argomento di crescente interesse anche nei paesi dell’Europa del sud che si trasformavano in destinazioni finali delle migrazioni. L’approccio storico al fenomeno si sviluppa in Italia in ritardo rispetto ad altre discipline e solo recentemente sono emersi i primi studi dedicati al tema. Nel ripercorrere le tappe più significative dell’immigrazione verso l’Italia, il saggio si propone di mettere in luce gli aspetti più rilevanti per la riflessione storica sulla mobilità e, allo stesso tempo, di evidenziare temi che rappresentano ulteriori occasioni di approfondimento.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eva Garau ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 113 138 10.7410/1399 Lost Christianities in textbooks. A case study of the high schools in Rome specialising in classical studies http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/437 <p style="text-align: justify;">Religion today represents a field of interest that is extensively analysed in line with a variety of different approaches and methodologies. The teaching and educational sectors covering religion and the history of religions have also been invested by this renewed climate of interest, although they still today represent an object of peripheral inquiry. The spread of stereotypes and the distortion and partial interpretation of sources, erroneous knowledge and interpretations extraneous to the historical data, are topics on the agenda not only in the debate in civil society itself but also in university lecture halls. This presentation is the result of an investigation concerning the history of Christianity and conducted on the history textbooks most commonly used in the twenty-five grammar schools in Rome. It is the intention of the working group to extend the analysis to other secondary schools. The contribution intends to launch a reflection on the way in which secondary school textbooks present Christianity, starting from three key themes, which are for various reasons significant:&nbsp;1) the emergence of Christianity from its Jewish origins;&nbsp;2) the existence of various forms of Christianity since ancient times;&nbsp;3) the structuring of an ecclesiastical hierarchy and, in particular, the constitution of the papacy.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">La religione rappresenta oggi un campo di interesse ampiamente scandagliato secondo approcci e metodologie diversificati. Anche i settori dell’insegnamento e della didattica correlati alle religioni e alla storia delle religioni sono stati investiti da questo rinnovato clima di interesse, sebbene, com’è stato già adeguatamente messo in luce, essi ancora oggi rappresentino un oggetto di indagine periferico e, in larga parte, inesplorato.&nbsp;La diffusione di stereotipi, la pervasività di facili e grossolane generalizzazioni, la distorsione e la parziale interpretazione delle fonti, per non parlare della diffusione di conoscenze erronee ed estranee al dato storico, rappresentano uno dei temi all'ordine del giorno non solo nel dibattito della società civile ma anche tra i banchi delle aule universitarie.&nbsp;Il presente contributo è frutto di un’indagine inerente la storia del cristianesimo e condotta sui libri di testo di storia più adottati nei 25 licei classici statali di Roma, benché sia intenzione del gruppo di lavoro estendere l’analisi anche ad altre scuole secondarie.&nbsp;L’articolo intende avviare una riflessione sul modo in cui i manuali scolastici delle scuole superiori presentano il fenomeno della religione cristiana a partire da tre temi-chiave, considerati per varie ragioni significativi: 1) L’emergere del cristianesimo dalla sua matrice giudaica 2) L’esistenza di più cristianesimi fin dall’epoca antica 3) Lo strutturarsi di una gerarchia ecclesiastica e, in particolare, il costituirsi del papato.</p> Federica Candido Vito Loré Carla Noce ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 19 46 10.7410/1389 Religious history of France and public debate: the “eternal return” of a polemic issue http://rime.to.cnr.it/index.php/rime/article/view/438 <p style="text-align: justify;">Religious history of France and public debate: The “eternal return” of a polemic issue.&nbsp;It is well known that religious history has long been a controversial topic in France, due to long-standing polemics about secularism and the relationship between the Churches and the State. But a consensus had finally emerged around two possible stories, one of liberal inspiration and the other marked by a Catholicism that was more critical of modernity. Since the end of the twentieth century, the conditions for this balance have changed, due to the emergence of Islam as the second religious denomination, and the resulting conflict over religious pluralism. Over the past twenty years, some Catholics, minority but visible, have also committed themselves against the new family and life policies. Debates on Islam, on the one hand, and gender policies, on the other, have thus revived controversies over France's religious history and its teaching in middle and high schools.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">L’histoire religieuse en France et le débat public: l’«éternel retour» d’un enjeu polémique.&nbsp;On sait que l’histoire religieuse a longtemps fait l’objet de controverses en France, du fait de polémiques anciennes autour de la laïcité et de la relation entre les Eglises et l’Etat. Mais un consensus avait fini par se faire autour de deux histoires possibles, l’une d’inspiration libérale et l’autre marquée par un catholicisme plus critique à l’égard de la modernité. Depuis la fin du vingtième siècle, les conditions de cet équilibre ont changé, du fait de l’émergence de l’islam comme seconde confession religieuse, et du conflit sur le pluralisme religieux qui en a résulté. Durant les vingt dernières années, une partie des catholiques, minoritaires mais visibles, se sont par ailleurs engagés contre les nouvelles politiques de la famille et de la vie. Les débats sur l’islam, d’une part, et sur les politiques du genre, d’autre part, ont ainsi ravivé les controverses sur du l’histoire religieuse de la France et sur son enseignement dans les collègues et les lycées.</p> Denis Pelletier ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode 2019-12-30 2019-12-30 47 55 10.7410/1390